The Life Within
Local Indigenous Society in Mexico's Toluca Valley, 1650-1800
2013, Available Now
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"This is a highly accomplished study that adds welcome texture to an already advanced understanding of indigenous village life outside the domestic sphere."—D. C. LaFevor, CHOICE
"This remarkable book builds on all that has gone before in studies of the Nahuatl-speaking indigenous peoples of colonial Mexico, yet it also breaks new ground. If the field has concentrated on the earlier period, this book focuses on the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. If much of the prior work has centered on the corporate arena, this book focuses on the household, on actual people in real situations, with gender analysis at the very center. It uses the largest corpus of Nahuatl wills yet brought to bear on a single study and at the same time has few equals in combining Nahuatl sources with Spanish ones. It is, in short, a tour de force."—Camilla Townsend, Rutgers University
"Packed with new dimensions, approaches, and findings, the book will find its place among the monuments of early Latin American history and ethnohistory."—James Lockhart, Author of The Nahuas after the Conquest
The Life Within provides a social and cultural history of the indigenous people of a region of central Mexico in the later colonial period—as told through documents in Nahuatl and Spanish. It views the indigenous world from the inside out, focusing first on the household—buildings, lots, household saints—and expanding outward toward the householders and the greater community. The internal focus of this book provides a comprehensive picture of indigenous society, exploring the categories by which people are identified, their interactions, their activities, and the aspects of the local corporations that manifest themselves in household life.
Pizzigoni brings indigenous-language social history into the later colonial period, whereas the emphasis until now has fallen heavily on the earlier phase. The late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries emerge as a dynamic time that saw, along with cultural persistence, many new adaptations and creations. Covering a period of over a century and a half, this study goes beyond a monolithic treatment of the region to introduce for the first time a systematic analysis of subregional variation in vocabulary and real-life phenomena, showing how, within larger regional trends, each tiniest community of the Toluca Valley retained markers of its individuality.
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