Cover of Ballot Blocked by Jesse H. Rhodes
Ballot Blocked
The Political Erosion of the Voting Rights Act
Jesse H. Rhodes


September 2017
288 pages.
from $27.95

Cloth ISBN: 9780804797597
Paper ISBN: 9781503603516



Voting rights are a perennial topic in American politics. Recent elections and the Supreme Court's decision in Shelby County v. Holder, which struck down key enforcement provisions in the Voting Rights Act (VRA), have only placed further emphasis on the debate over voter disenfranchaisement. Over the past five decades, bothDemocrats and Republicans in Congress have consistently voted to expand the protections offered to vulnerable voters by the Voting Rights Act. And yet, the administration of the VRA has become more fragmented and judicial interpretation of its terms has become much less generous. Why have Republicans consistently adopted administrative and judicial decisions that undermine legislation they repeatedly endorse?

Ballot Blocked shows how the divergent trajectories of legislation, administration, and judicial interpretation in voting rights policymaking derive largely from efforts by conservative politicians to narrow the scope of federal enforcement while at the same time preserving their public reputations as supporters of racial equality and minority voting rights. Jesse H. Rhodes argues that conservatives adopt a paradoxical strategy in which they acquiesce to expansive voting rights protections in Congress (where decisions are visible and easily traceable) while simultaneously narrowing the scope of federal enforcement via administrative and judicial maneuvers (which are less visible and harder to trace). Over time, the repeated execution of this strategy has enabled a conservative Supreme Court to exercise preponderant influence over the scope of federal enforcement.

About the author

Jesse H. Rhodes is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. He is the author of An Education in Politics: The Origins and Evolution of No Child Left Behind (2014).

"In parsing the partisan and institutional dimensions behind the retrenchment of the Voting Rights Act, Ballot Blocked makes valuable contributions. Scholars of racial politics, voting rights, political parties, interbranch relations, and American political development will undoubtedly have to contend with Rhodes' argument and evidence."

—Anthony S. Chen, Northwestern University