Cover of Five Faces of Exile by Augusto Fauni Espiritu
Five Faces of Exile
The Nation and Filipino American Intellectuals
Augusto Fauni Espiritu

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2005
336 pages.
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Cloth ISBN: 9780804751209
Paper ISBN: 9780804751216

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Colonialism and empire have rarely been seen from the perspectives and experiences of the colonized. Five Faces of Exile addresses this gap by exploring a wide range of perspectives on colonial, anti-colonial, and postcolonial developments. More specifically, it explores American empire in the Philippines and its ethnic and racial dimensions in the United States through a close reading of the texts and social practices of five pioneering, trans-Pacific Filipino American writers of the colonial era: the diplomat Carlos P. Romulo, the poet Jose Garcia Villa, fiction writers N. V. M. Gonzalez and Bienvenido N. Santos, and the celebrated Asian American worker-writer Carlos Bulosan.

In this first transnational intellectual history of an Asian American group, Espiritu shows that an exploration of those at the margins of the nation, who feel at home neither in the Philippines nor in the United States, raises profound questions about citizenship and national belonging. This beautifully written book explores the common desire for national solidarity and cultural translation and the shared ambivalence at the heart of Filipino American expatriate intellectual life, as well as the social practices of patronage and performance that shaped ethnic and national identities.

About the author

Augusto Fauni Espiritu is Assistant Professor of History and Asian American Studies at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

"The book should be essential reading for scholars studying the intersection of Philippine history and the Asian American diaspora in the United States."

—Jody Blanco American Historical Review

"[Five Faces of Exile] has much to interest and to provoke readers... present[ed] in refreshingly readable, dutifully documented prose. The book holds a mirror up to the complex situation of the transnational writer, and the faces it reveals are bathed in various shades of light and dark... Espiritu must be credited for making us look and learn."

Philippine Studies

"Thoroughly researched on both sides of the Pacific...Five Faces of Exile firmly grounds its subjects in a century of colonialism, war, independence, and dictatorship."

Journal of American History