Longlisted in the 2021 Cundill History Prize, sponsored by McGill University and the Cundill Foundation.
Winner of the 2022 Korenblat Book Award in Israel Studies, sponsored by the Cherrick Center for the study of Zionism, the Yishuv, and the State of Israel.
Winner of the 2023 Award for Best Book in Israel Studies, sponsored by Azrieli Institute of Israel Studies / Concordia University Library.
In 1948, a war broke out that would result in Israeli independence and the erasure of Arab Palestine. Over twenty months, thousands of Jews and Arabs came from all over the world to join those already on the ground to fight in the ranks of the Israel Defense Forces and the Arab Liberation Army. With this book, the young men and women who made up these armies come to life through their letters home, writing about everything from daily life to nationalism, colonialism, race, and the character of their enemies. Shay Hazkani offers a new history of the 1948 War through these letters, focusing on the people caught up in the conflict and its transnational reverberations.
Dear Palestine also examines how the architects of the conflict worked to influence and indoctrinate key ideologies in these ordinary soldiers, by examining battle orders, pamphlets, army magazines, and radio broadcasts. Through two narratives—the official and unofficial, the propaganda and the personal letters—Dear Palestine reveals the fissures between sanctioned nationalism and individual identity. This book reminds us that everyday people's fear, bravery, arrogance, cruelty, lies, and exaggerations are as important in history as the preoccupations of the elites.
About the author
Shay Hazkani is Assistant Professor of History and Jewish Studies at the University of Maryland, College Park.
"Shay Hazkani opens an entirely new vista on the Nakba. With methodological bravery and archival rigor, he carefully unfolds the stories and words of everyday soldiers and civilians, to reveal the divisions and fractures, the uncomfortable truths, and the surreal alliances that began to consolidate the 'Arab' and the 'Jew' as mutually exclusive categories."
—Sherene Seikaly, University of California, Santa Barbara
"Reading a rich collection of letters, this seminal work examines ordinary people who find themselves in extraordinary situations. Shay Hazkani's microhistories explore how war dehumanizes some people and humanizes others; how individuals succumb to, but also resist, propaganda efforts; and how perpetrators and victims interpret, and mediate to others, the traumatic and violent events they lived through."
—Orit Bashkin, University of Chicago
"Shay Hazkani makes a brilliant contribution to the literature on the 1948 Palestine War, documenting the views of the Arab and Jewish soldiers who fought in the war through letters seized by the Israeli censors. Impeccably balanced and engagingly written, Dear Palestine is a remarkable book that deserves the very widest readership."
—Eugene Rogan, University of Oxford
"Hazkani's book does not completely overturn our view of the past, but it does add nuance, proving that it was possible, even in the early years of the state, for Israelis to view their Arab and Palestinian neighbors less hatefully than the Israeli leadership at the time had wanted. This enmity and nationalism were produced with much effort, as a result of systematic indoctrination. And if such animus was not always present in the past, it may not have to remain a part of our future."
—Tom Pessah, +972 Magazine
"Dear Palestine is not just another book about the 1948 war. Even though it continues the growing tendency of historians to shift the gaze toward microhistory, it does more than that. It takes us on a fascinating journey to the space between efforts of official indoctrination and the unpredictable ways in which they are processed."
—Tamir Sorek, Critical Inquiry
"Hazkani's claims for a new narrative do not rely on reconstructions of individual experiences deviating from the binary logic of nationalist sentiments alone. By juxtaposing the opposing narratives side by side, he argues for a more comprehensive assessment of how Zionist identity was constituted and challenged."
—Yaël Mizrahi-Arnaud, The Tel Aviv Review of Books
"Hazkani has followed an intuitive but all too infrequently traveled path in attempting a shared history of Jews and Arabs in Palestine in 1948. He attempts a fusion of historical horizons by joining a careful analysis of wartime propaganda by both sides with the honest accounts of soldiers on the ground. This interplay of top-down and bottom-up sources yields striking dissonance, which a skilled historian such as Hazkani uses to great advantage."
—David N. Myers, Los Angeles Review of Books
"Dear Palestine marks a paradigm shift in the study of the relations between Jews and Arabs... It is a story that quietly defies monolithic and binary perceptions passed down by nationalist histories. In their stead, Hazkani offers a relational account that listens to a more nuanced human network which steers this commendable and unpretentiously radical book."
—the Korenblat Book Award selection committee
"I strongly recommend Shay Hazkani's book. It is masterfully written and tells stories not told before, highlighting that while war is all-too-often portrayed in a way in which the warring parties come across as monolithic entities united in a common struggle, the truth is that societies undergoing conflict are just as complex and composed of individuals as societies in peace time."
—Jørgen Jensehaugen, Journal of Military History
"Dear Palestine is entirely generative and contributes greatly to non-mythologized, rigorous, and empirical scholarship on Palestine in 1948. At the center of this work is not so much an empirical recitation of what happened and when—this is largely known—but rather a historicization of the sociopolitical process of meaning making... It tells the story of how imperialism, colonialism, and the struggle over nationalism foreclosed the futures of certain groups of people, those who faced exile, dispossession, and marginalization. Most of all, it reminds us that the possibility of liberation for Jews and Palestinians is constitutively intertwined."
—Areej Sabbagh-Khoury, Journal of Palestine Studies
"This book is a groundbreaking contribution to Palestine–Israel studies for several reasons; above all, it is the first comprehensive social history of the 1948 war. Hazkani's analysis of recruits' letters highlights their candid observations, opinions, and feelings about the tumultuous war, filling a significant gap in scholarship."
—Elizabeth Brownson, Journal of History
"Shay Hazkani's Dear Palestine: A Social History of the 1948 War is an important contribution to the rich historical literature on the 1948 War, combining the use of new archival sources with a fresh observation on events in Palestine during the year of Israel's establishment and the Nakba."
—Adel Manna', International Journal of Middle East Studies
"Shay Hazkani's Dear Palestine is an innovative, compellingly written, and deeply researched contribution to the history of the 1948 Palestine war, the establishment of Israel, and the effacement of Palestine.... Scholars and researchers should pay attention to the book not only for what it reveals about Palestine and the emergence of Israel but also for what we learn from it about the politics of Arab states at a critical period in the process of decolonization."
—Weldon C. Matthews, American Historical Review
"Dear Palestine is the product of painstaking and innovative detective work. Hazkani makes excellent use of ALA soldiers' writings and IDF censors' reports squirreled away in the IDF archive. The book is engagingly written. ... [Dear Palestine] deserves praise for its originality, comparative scope, and significance. It is essential reading for any student of the 1948 War and the origins of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict."
—Derek Penslar, Journal of Israeli History