This is the first biography of Sir Simonds D'Ewes, a member of England's Long Parliament, Puritan, historian and antiquarian who lived from 1602–1650. D'Ewes took the Puritan side against the supporters of King Charles I in the English Civil War, and his extensive journal of the Long Parliament, together with his autobiography and correspondence, offer a uniquely comprehensive view of the life of a seventeenth-century English gentleman, his opinions, thoughts and prejudices during this tumultuous time.
D'Ewes left the most extensive archive of personal papers of any individual in early modern Europe. His life and thought before the Long Parliament are carefully analyzed, so that the mind of one of the Parliamentarian opponents of King Charles I's policies can be understood more fully than that of any other Member of Parliament. Although conservative in social and political terms, D'Ewes's Puritanism prevented him from joining his Royalist younger brother Richard during the civil war that began in 1642. D'Ewes collected one of the largest private libraries of books and manuscripts in England in his era and used them to pursue historical and antiquarian research. He followed news of national and international events voraciously and conveyed his opinions of them to his friends in many hundreds of letters. McGee's biography is the first thorough exploration of the life and ideas of this extraordinary observer, offering fresh insight into this pivotal time in European history.
About the author
J. Sears McGee is Professor of History at the University of California at Santa Barbara.
"J. Sears McGee, Professor History at the University of California, has turned the lens on Sir Simonds D'Ewes, the Puritan MP for Sudbury, whose journal of the Long Parliament is the most extensive record we have of that revolutionary moment when MPs stood, in D'Ewes's words, 'upon the brink of saving or ruining this distracted kingdom' . . . As a study of lay religiosity at a time of politicized faith, An Industrious Mind is invaluable. And quite a rarity."
—Jessie Childs, Times Literary Supplement
"At last Sir Simonds D'Ewes has found the biographer he deserves. Sears McGee's masterly account of D'Ewes's life and work is essential reading for all scholars of the seventeenth century who have struggled to assess the character and motivations of the greatest of the parliamentary diarists of the Long Parliament. Based firmly on the huge archive of D'Ewes's letters and other writings, this book firmly dispels notions of D'Ewes as pompous, humourless Puritan or political fantasist. McGee writes sympathetically of D'Ewes as loving husband and father, loyal friend and dedicated scholarly collaborator, making this book a compelling read for all interested in the social history of England, as well as its politics and religion, during the decades on either side of 1640."
—Stephen K. Roberts, History of Parliament, London
"An Industrious Mind offers a remarkable portrait of a seventeenth-century life. Sir Simonds D'Ewes' diary of the stirring times in which he lived is well known, but McGee goes beyond the public and political life to present the private man—dutiful son, uxorious husband, anxious father, careful property owner, serious book collector, and antiquarian. The evidence of the diary becomes part of a wider context so that the book provides an account, unique for its time, of a past life lived whole. It does so with clarity and learning and also with understanding and sympathy."
—Barbara Donagan, author of War in England 1642–1649
"In the last fifty years there have not been many books published on early modern English history, running the entire gamut from social history, local studies, political culture and religious history, that have not in some way quoted or referenced D'Ewes and the archive he left behind—from now on they will reference this important biography."
—Chris R. Kyle, Syracuse University
"Though historians have long relied on D'Ewes's labors to illuminate the context in which he lived, they have rarely examined the man himself. J. Sears McGee's An Industrious Mind admirably fills this void. McGee's scrupulous, comprehensive biography is as alert to D'Ewes's public as to his private life, gliding between heavily detailed descriptions of his theological commitments, scholarly interests, engagement in public affairs, and heartbreaking family life. "
—Nicholas Popper, Renaissance Quarterly
"This book is a major achievement. Reading it is rather like becoming much better acquainted with a person whom one has known superficially for many years...McGee's painstaking reconstruction of D'Ewes's diverse interests and activities offers a wonderfully rich insight into the beliefs and values of an early seventeenth- century English Puritan, and as we journey through his mental worlds, the categories of political, religious, legal, social and cultural history blend into each other in a very satisfying manner...McGee deserves our profound gratitude for recapturing the 'industrious mind' of so remarkable an exemplar of early seventeenth-century English Puritanism, and for bringing to life so compellingly the individual to whom we owe so much of our knowledge of the Long Parliament."
—David L. Smith, History: The Journal of the Historical Association
"Sears McGee has written a deeply impressive and absorbing book, the yield of years of research and a lifetime of erudition. His account is meticulous, judicious, thickly textured, stylish, and catholic in its openness to every dimension of his subject's life, from the ghastly providential punishment of numerous dead children, the poignancy of a brother killed in battle on the opposing side, to the outer reaches of Anglo-Saxon scholarship...D'Ewes's relentless discrete presence, pen in hand, at the ringside of his age, together with McGee's skillfulness, ensure that this book vindicates biography in its capacity to provide a prism through which the lights of its era shine."
—Mark Goldie, Journal of Modern History
"J. Sears McGee has done an important scholarly service in his extensive work with these materials, and has produced a detailed and fascinating account of D'Ewes's life, work and interests...McGee is to be congratulated for the scholarship and erudition in this very handsome and well-produced book."
—Lloyd Bowen, English Historical Review
"McGee has provided a judicious and comprehensive study that belies the caricature of D'Ewes as a self-important doctrinaire....An Industrious Mind makes a valuable contribution to the fields of political history and religious studies, and it deserves the many accolades it has already received from readers and reviewers."
—Melissa Franklin-Harkrider, Journal of Church and State
"McGee's book is a clearly written and remarkably well-researched analysis of D'Ewes's life and work. This is a well-conceived, articulated, and impressively researched book."
—George Lazaroiu, Sixteenth Century Journal: Journal of Early Modern Studies
"McGee has done scholars a great service in reading and summarizing D'Ewes's seemingly endless literary output. McGee's work ably negotiates the cumbersome primary material and opens a window into the often stark contrast between D'Ewes's immediate opinions of events, often written in cipher for his own protection, and the later sanitized transcript provided in his autobiography....In producing this work, J. Sears McGee has contributed a study that is both comprehensive and insightful."--Elliot Vernon, Canadian Review of History
"[An Industrious Mind] will undoubtedly be the starting point for work on D'Ewes for generations....As new areas of research develop, scholars will have an outstanding foundation from which to work."
—Susan D. Amussen, Journal of British Studies
"[A] study of absolutely fundamental importance. Elegantly written, and founded on mastery of an intractable archive, [An Industrious Mind] is essential reading for all those interested in the religious and political history of early modern England and in the family life and intellectual preoccupations of the landed gentry."
—Ann Hughes, Histoire Sociale/Social History
"An Industrious Mind is a substantial achievement of lasting merit, a product of industrious research. Biographer and subject appear well matched."
—David Cressy, Church History