Winner of the 2016 Joseph W. Elder Prize in the Indian Social Sciences, sponsored by the American Institute of Indian Studies
In the ruins of a medieval palace in Delhi, a unique phenomenon occurs: Indians of all castes and creeds meet to socialize and ask the spirits for help. The spirits they entreat are Islamic jinns, and they write out requests as if petitioning the state. At a time when a Hindu right wing government in India is committed to normalizing a view of the past that paints Muslims as oppressors, Anand Vivek Taneja's Jinnealogy provides a fresh vision of religion, identity, and sacrality that runs counter to state-sanctioned history.
The ruin, Firoz Shah Kotla, is an unusually democratic religious space, characterized by freewheeling theological conversations, DIY rituals, and the sanctification of animals. Taneja observes the visitors, who come mainly from the Muslim and Dalit neighborhoods of Delhi, and uses their conversations and letters to the jinns as an archive of voices so often silenced. He finds that their veneration of the jinns recalls pre-modern religious traditions in which spiritual experience was inextricably tied to ecological surroundings. In this enchanted space, Taneja encounters a form of popular Islam that is not a relic of bygone days, but a vibrant form of resistance to state repression and post-colonial visions of India.
About the author
Anand Vivek Taneja is Assistant Professor of Religious Studies and Anthropology at Vanderbilt University.
"An ingeniously researched and beautifully told story of how an avowedly secular Indian nation state goes about monumentalizing, and thereby eviscerating the lived presence of 'Muslimness' from the great Mughal city of Delhi. Deeply evocative of the doublespeak of majoritarian nationalism that the world is witnessing today."
—Shahid Amin, author of Conquest and Community: The Afterlife of Warrior Saint Ghazi Miyan
"Anand Taneja's book offers a fascinating ethnography of the dargah of Firoz Shah Kotla in Delhi, a place whose jinns are petitioned by their devotees, as if in a courtroom. It reflects the social complexity—and poetry—of this shared sacred site, which is also a liminal space transcending caste and gender barriers. More than a study of one structure, this book narrates the history of the capital-city of India through its ruins and monuments. It is a remarkably perceptive and thought-provoking analysis of the popular culture of North India."
—Christophe Jaffrelot, Senior Research Fellow at CERI-Sciences Po/CNRS
"Anand Taneja's Jinnealogy is a brilliant and moving meditation on extraordinary attempts to recover a lost culture. Once you consider seriously the practice of writing letters to the jinn at a medieval ruin in Delhi, you will be drawn into an enchanted world. Highly recommended."
—Carl W. Ernst, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
"This compelling book delves into India's enigmatic silences and unacknowledgeable memories in the aftermath of Partition. When genealogy and social memory fail, jinnealogy activates threads of desire and possibility unavailable to us in secular time. A beautiful and urgent book with a taste of Borges' stories."
—Stefania Pandolfo, Author of Knot of the Soul