Cover of Digital Codicology by Bridget Whearty
Digital Codicology
Medieval Books and Modern Labor
Bridget Whearty


November 2022
338 pages.

Hardcover ISBN: 9781503632752
Ebook ISBN: 9781503634190

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Medieval manuscripts are our shared inheritance, and today they are more accessible than ever—thanks to digital copies online. Yet for all that widespread digitization has fundamentally transformed how we connect with the medieval past, we understand very little about what these digital objects really are. We rarely consider how they are made or who makes them. This case study-rich book demystifies digitization, revealing what it's like to remake medieval books online and connecting modern digital manuscripts to their much longer media history, from print, to photography, to the rise of the internet.

Examining classic late-1990s projects like Digital Scriptorium 1.0 alongside late-2010s initiatives like Bibliotheca Philadelphiensis, and world-famous projects created by the British Library, Corpus Christi College Cambridge, Stanford University, and the Walters Art Museum against in-house digitizations performed in lesser-studied libraries, Whearty tells never-before-published narratives about globally important digital manuscript archives. Drawing together medieval literature, manuscript studies, digital humanities, and imaging sciences, Whearty shines a spotlight on the hidden expert labor responsible for today's revolutionary digital access to medieval culture. Ultimately, this book argues that centering the modern labor and laborers at the heart of digital cultural heritage fosters a more just and more rigorous future for medieval, manuscript, and media studies.

About the author

Bridget Whearty is an Assistant Professor at Binghamton University and a former Council on Libraries and Information Resources (CLIR) Postdoctoral Fellow in Data Curation for Medieval Studies.

"Digital Codicology offers a captivating mix of literary sensitivity and technical detail. Bridget Whearty has created a precious record of digital culture, labor, and technology at the turn of the twenty-first century."

—Michelle Warren, Dartmouth College

"Whearty demonstrates that the digitization of medieval manuscripts is not merely an automatic technical process, but one that involves value judgments, hidden costs, and invisible labor at every stage. The result is a convincing argument for understanding digitization within much longer traditions of textual transmission."

—Johanna Drucker, University of California, Los Angeles

"This book is nuanced in its arguments, clear-eyed in its calls for change, and admirably insistent upon the material and collective labors of digitization and scholarship. Deeply insightful and fiercely generous."

—Matthew Fisher, University of California, Los Angeles